Tendrils.jpgDespite persistent immigration deadlock in a Congress whose job approval has plummeted to its nadir, fresh tendrils of hope are sprouting: 

These actions are merely yards and yards of 2012 campaign bunting, however, unless the Executive Branch displays chain-of-command rigor in disciplining insubordination in the ranks of lower-level immigration agents. Lofty statements about supporting small business and spurring immigration-juiced job creation are only vaporous platitudes without parallel actions to make sure the troops on the ground follow orders. 

Slothful Adjudicator.jpgI’ve blogged before about immigration indifference, describing it as the “Adjudicator’s Curse.” Time has shown, however, that the manifest problems of widespread flouting of orders stem from more than mere indifference.  Three of my experienced immigration colleagues (each with 20+ years of experience with the agencies), offer painfully descriptive ventings of real-word, systemic immigration meltdowns and propose the theory that adjudicators’ off-message behaviors are attributable to “sloth” (a MUST READ: Tyranny of Sloth #1, Tyranny of Sloth #2 and Tyranny of Sloth #3). 

The failure to follow Headquarters’ immigration policies is caused by more than indifference and sloth. 

  • It could well be job-protection and fear of second-guessing if a bureaucrat makes a bad call in approving an immigration benefit that later explodes and causes an internal investigation or angry Congressional or media attention. (Recall that the posthumous grant of flight student visa status to Mohamed Atta and another 9/11 hijacker led to the elimination of the legacy agency, Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS).)
  • It could be low hiring standards (one in-house counsel of a major American company once reported to this blogger that a senior USCIS official had tried to rationalize her agency’s failures to comprehend the contents of documents submitted with his company’s immigration petitions by saying, “You must understand, most of our adjudicators have learned English as a second language”).
  • Head Resting Adjudicator.jpgIt could be long institutional memories about a heads-will-roll “Zero Tolerance Policy,” followed by the policy’s revocation, then followed by a laudable effort to inventory and reconcile agency policies and survey the public
  • There is probably also a significant measure of union-management tension, reflected, for example, in the attack on the prosecutorial discretion memos and public vote of no-confidence in John Morton by the ICE agents union and the formal opposition to discipline by the USCIS officers union, and
  • Let’s also not ignore the obvious — entrenched opposition among career officers to this Administration’s more welcoming immigration policies.  We’ve seen this movie before (“The IRCA Legalization Program,” produced by famed Hollywood actor and U.S. President, Ronald Reagan and featuring a “cast of millions”) and we know how it ends:
    • in cubicle with laptop and stacks of files.jpgScene 1:  Congress passes the Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1987 (IRCA) including a legalization provision requiring, among other elements, proof that a failure to maintain immigration status was “known to the government.”
    • Scene 2:  INS issues a series of Legalization communiqués interpreting the “known to the government” requirement in niggardly and niggling fashion, thereby trying to shrink the pool of eligible legalization beneficiaries.
    • Scene 3: Years of expensive federal litigation ensues before final relief to denied “known to the government” beneficiaries is granted in 2008

Whatever the cause of bureaucratic intransigence, the President’s laudable goal of creating jobs through more enlightened immigration policies and innumerable Conversations with the Director — however commendable and well intentioned — will not succeed unless “off-the-reservation” conduct by rogue underlings is sanctioned, not with ribbons and medals but with pink slips.